To maintain quality, paper must be collected separately from other materials. A packaging manufacturer can use mixed types of paper for recycling, while a manufacturer of printing and writing (graphic) paper can only use certain paper for recycling types. Therefore, paper for recycling is usually sorted, graded and then delivered to a paper mill according to EU Standard EN 643.
Separate collections increase the quality of Paper for Recycling, therefore all actors, even households, must recognise that they are handling a secondary raw material and not waste.
Paper for recycling is an essential raw material for the paper industry. In Europe, 48.9 million tonnes of it was used in 2019, equating to 55% of all fibres consumed by the industry. Packaging consumes the greatest proportion (74.7% of the total), followed by newsprint and other graphic papers (16.3%).
Download the Paper Recovery and Recycling fact sheet to find out more.